Classic Elite Yarns

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CEY Standard Abbreviations & Stitches

Our patterns all use the same abbreviations, which can be found below. For unique terms, please see the glossary found at the end of the pattern/book.

To quickly find a term, try using the find function (PC keyboard shortcut: "Control + F" / Mac keyboard shortcut: "⌘ + F").

For more information about complicated terms – and more! – visit our Tutorials.

To download a PDF with all of the information below, click here (3 pages, 464 KB).



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Abbreviations  •   Glossary  •   Crochet Abbreviations  •   Crochet Stitches


Abbreviations

approx: approximately

beg: begin(ning)

BO: bind off

BOR: beginning of rnd

C3B: sl 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, k1 from cn

C3F: sl 2 sts to cn and hold in front, k1, k2 from cn

C3Lp: sl 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, k2 from cn

C3Rp: sl 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, p1 from cn

C4B: sl 2 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, k2 from cn

C4F: sl 2 sts to cn and hold in front, k2, k2 from cn

C6B: slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k3, k3 from cn

C6F: slip 3 sts to cn and hold in front, k3, k3 from cn

C8B: slip 4 sts to cn and hold in back; k4; k4 from cn

C8F: slip 4 sts to cn and hold in front; k4; k4 from cn

CC: contrast color

cn: cable needle

CO: cast on

cont: continue

dec('d): decrease(d)

dpn: double pointed needles

EOR: every other row/round

est: establish(ed)

g: gram(s)

Gtr st: garter stitch (also, see Glossary)

inc('d): increase(d)

k: knit

k1-f/b: knit into the front and back of same st (1 st increased)

k2tog: knit 2 sts together (1 st decreased)

k3tog: knit 3 sts together (2 sts decreased)

k4tog: knit 4 sts together (3 sts decreased)

kfb: knit into the front and back of same st (1 st increased)

LH: left hand

LLI: (left lifted increase): Insert needle into back of the st below st just knitted and knit this st (1 st increased).

LLIP: (left lifted inc purl) With LH needle, lift the purl bump 2 rows below the last st worked and purl it (1 st increased).

m: marker

m1: (make 1) Insert LH needle under horizontal strand between st just worked and next st, from the front to the back, knit through the back loop (1 st increased).

m1p: (make 1 purlwise) Insert LH needle under horizontal strand between st just worked and next st, from the back to the front, purl through the front loop(1 st increased).

m1-l: (make 1 left slanting) Insert LH needle under horizontal strand between st just worked and next st, from the front to the back, knit through the back loop (1 st increased).

m1-r: (make 1 right slanting) Insert LH needle under horizontal strand between st just worked and next st, from the back to the front, knit through the front loop (1 st increased).

m1Lp: (make 1 left leaning st purlwise) insert left needle under strand between sts from front to back, purl through the back loop (1 st increased).

m1Rp: (make 1 right leaning st purlwise) insert left needle under strand between sts from back to front, purl through the front loop (1 st increased).

MB: make bobble (check your pattern for specific instructions)

MC: main color

meas: measure(s)

mm: millimeter(s)

p: purl

p1-f/b: Purl into the front and back of same st (1 st increased).

p2tog-tbl: Purl 2 sts together through the back loops (1 st decreased).

p2tog: purl 2 sts together (1 st decreased)

patt(s): pattern(s)

pc(s): piece(s)

pm: place marker

psso: pass slipped st over

rem: remain(ing)

rem: remaining

rep(s): repeat(s)

Rev St st: reverse stockinette stitch (also, see Glossary)

RH: right hand

RLI: (right lifted increase): Knit into the back of the st in the row directly below the st on the LH needle (1 st increased)

RLIP: (right lifted inc purl) With RH needle, lift the purl bump on row below first st on LH needle and purl it (1 st increased).

rnd(s): round(s)

RS: right side

s2kp: Slip 2 sts together knitwise from the LH needle to the RH needle, k1, pass 2 slipped sts over knit st (2 sts decreased).

sk2p: Slip 1 st knitwise, from the LH needle to the RH needle, k2tog, pass slipped st over knit st created by k2tog (2 sts decreased).

skp: (slip, knit, psso) Slip 1 st knitwise, to the RH needle, k1, pass slipped st over knit st (1 st decreased).

sl: slip

slm: slip marker

SR: stitch repeat

ssk: (slip, slip, knit) Slip 2 sts, 1 at a time, knitwise to the RH needle; insert tip of LH needle into the fronts of the two slipped sts and use RH needle to knit them together (1 st decreased).

ssp: (slip, slip, purl) slip 2 sts, 1 at a time, knitwise to the RH needle; return sts to LH needle in turned position and purl them together through the back loops (1 st decreased)

sssk: Slip 3 sts, 1 at a time, knitwise to the RH needle; insert tip of LH needle into the fronts of the 3 slipped sts and use RH needle to knit them together (2 sts decreased).

ssssk: Slip 4 sts, 1 at a time, knitwise to the RH needle; insert tip of LH needle into the fronts of the 4 slipped sts and use RH needle to knit them together (3 sts decreased).

St st: stockinette stitch (also, see Glossary)

st(s): stitch(es)

T3B: sl 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, p1 from cn

T3B: slip 1 st to cn and hold in back, k2, p1 from cn

T3F: sl 2 sts to cn, hold in front, p1, k2 from cn

T3F: slip 2 sts to cn and hold in front, p1, k2 from cn

T5B: slip 3 sts to cn and hold in back, k2, slip last st on cn to LH needle and p1, k2 from cn

tbl: through back loop

tog: together

WS: wrong side

wyib: with yarn in back

wyif: with yarn in front

yb: yarn back

yf: yarn forward

yo: yarn over (1 st increased)

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Glossary

BASIC STITCHES

Garter Stitch (Gtr st)
Flat – Knit all sts, every row.
In the Rnd – Knit one rnd, purl one rnd.

Stockinette Stitch (St st)
Flat – Knit on the RS, purl on the WS.
In the Rnd – Knit on all sts every rnd.

Reverse Stockinette Stitch (Rev St st)
Flat – Purl on RS, knit on WS.
In the Rnd – Purl all sts, every rnd.


CASTING ON

Backward Loop Cast-on Method
*Wrap yarn around left thumb from front to back and secure in palm with other fingers. Insert needle upwards through strand on thumb. Slip loop from thumb onto RH needle, pulling yarn to tighten. Rep from * for desired number of sts.

Cable Cast-on Method
Place a slipknot on LH needle and k1, slip new st onto LH needle; *insert RH needle between first 2 sts on LH needle, k1 from this position, leave the first st on LH needle and slip new st onto LH needle. Rep from * for desired number of sts.

Knitted Cast On
*Insert RH needle knitwise into first st of LH needle, wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as to make a knit st, leave the first st on LH needle and slip st just made to LH needle (1 st CO); rep from * to required number of sts.

Long Tail Cast-on Method
Visit our tutorial.

Provisional Cast-on Method
Visit our tutorial.


SHORT ROWS (WRAP & TURN/HIDE WRAPS)

Please check indiviudal patterns, instructions may vary. Below are CEY's standard instructions.

Wrap and Turn
Knit row or stitch – With yarn in back, slip next st purlwise onto RH needle, bring yarn to front of work, return slipped st to LH needle, bring yarn to back of work, then turn work.
Purl row or stitch –With yarn in front, slip next st purlwise onto RH needle, bring yarn to back of work, return slipped st to LH needle, bring yarn to front of work, then turn work.

Hide Wraps
Knit row or stitch – Insert RH needle tip from front to back into wrap and knit it together with the wrapped stitch.
Purl row or stitch – Insert RH needle tip from back to front into wrap and lift it onto LH needle, then purl it together with the wrapped stitch.


GLOSSARY TERMS

I-Cord
Using 2 dpns, *knit 1 row; without turning the work, slide the sts to the RH end of needle, pull yarn tightly from end of row, (behind the sts); rep from * until cord meas desired length.

Applied I-Cord
CO 3 sts. Knit 1 row, do not turn work. *K2, slip 1 st knitwise, pick up and k1 from garment edge, pass slipped st over picked up st; rep from * as required. Break yarn but do not BO last st, pull tail through st and secure to WS of pc.

Pick Up and Knit
Insert right-hand needle into fabric, wrap yarn around needle and pull through.

Pom Poms
For more information, visit our website http://www.classiceliteyarns.com/WebLetter/Stitches/PomPom/PomPom.php

Kitchener Stitch
Step 1: Bring threaded tapestry needle through first st on front needle as if to knit and slip this st off needle.
Step 2: Bring tapestry needle through next st on front needle as if to purl and leave st on needle.
Step 3: Bring tapestry needle through first st on back needle as if to purl and slip this st off needle.
Step 4: Bring tapestry needle through next st on back needle as if to knit and leave st on needle.
Rep Steps 1–4 until no sts rem on needles. For more information, visit our tutorial.

Three Needle Bind-off Method
Slip the sts from holders onto each of 2 needles, with the RS of garment pieces held together (to form ridge on inside of garment), hold the needles parallel. With a third needle knit the first st of front and back needles together, *knit next st from each needle together, (2 sts on RH needle), BO 1 st; rep from * until all sts are BO.

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Crochet Abbreviations

approx: approximately

beg: begin(ning)

blo: back loop only

CC: contrast color

cont: continue

dec(‘d): decrease(d)

est: establish(ed)

foll: follow(s)(ing)

g: gram(s)

inc(‘d): increase(d)

m: marker

MC: main color

patt: pattern

pc(s): piece(s)

pm: place marker

rem: remain(ing)

rep(s): repeat(s)

RR: row repeat(s)

RS: right side

sh(s): shells

sk: skip

sp(s): space(s)

SR: stitch repeat(s)

st(s): stitch(es)

tch: turning chain

WS: wrong side

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Crochet Stitches


Adjustable ring

Trap the tail end of yarn against the palm of your LH with your ring and pinky fingers. Wrap the yarn around your index and middle fingers twice to form a ring. Pinch the ring between your thumb and index fingers, and slide your fingers out of the ring. Insert crochet hook from front to back into ring and draw up a loop, yarn over hook and pull through loop on hook – 1 loop rem on hook.

ch (chain)
Wrap the yarn around the crochet hook (yarn over) and draw it through the loop on the hook to form the first chain. Rep this step as many times as instructed. (The loop on the hook is never included when counting the number of chains).

dc (double crochet)
Yarn over hook, insert hook into indicated st, yarn over and pull up a loop; [yarn over and draw through 2 loops on hook] twice.

sc (single crochet)
Insert crochet hook in indicated stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop; yarn over and draw through both loops on hook.

sc2tog (single crochet 2 together)
[Insert crochet hook into next st, yarn over and pull up a loop] 2 times, yarn over and draw through all 3 loops on hook.

sl st (slip stitch)
Insert crochet hook in the indicated stitch, yarn over and draw through both the stitch and the loop on the hook.

tr (treble crochet)
Yarn over hook twice, insert hook in indicated stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop; (yarn over and draw through two loops) three times.

 

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